After adopting a cat, many people ask themselves the following questions: Should I have them spayed or neutered? What will that change? Some cat owners who fear certain risks hesitate to have their cat sterilized. However, the risks of this operation are minor compared to the many advantages of sterilization.
What does sterilizing a cat entail?
Sterilization is a very common operation, the primary goal of which is to prevent cats from reproducing. It’s a small operation that’s strongly recommended to all cat owners and which can take place in the kitten’s first few months of life. While most cats are spayed or neutered at the time of puberty (around 6 months old), the operation has no age limit, and a cat can be sterilized throughout their life. For female cats, sterilization involves removing the ovaries and the uterus (spaying), while for male cats, the testicles are removed under general anaesthesia (neutering).
The reasons to have your cat spayed or neutered
Because it’s not easy to find adopters, it’s hard to get a whole litter of kittens adopted. You should also know that some people look for kittens for the wrong reasons and that some kittens therefore have a tragic fate. Some are abandoned for various reasons, and the cat population keeps growing in the streets as well as in shelters.
- Sterilization helps save lives: those of unwanted and abandoned kittens, who are becoming increasingly numerous. You should know that, in just a year, a female cat can have 3 litters of 4 kittens. In two years, therefore, it’s possible for her to have 24 kittens.
Contrary to conventional wisdom, it’s not necessary for a cat to have at least one litter of kittens before being spayed, because this won’t make your cat happier or healthier. Quite the contrary: sterilization makes all cats calmer and helps reduce the risks of certain diseases. It lets you double the life expectancy of your dear companions by reducing the risks of uterine infections, diseases such as FIV (feline AIDS), and mammary tumours in cats.
As we know, an unsterilized cat—female or male—will produce hormones that cause a sexual cycle, as in all mammals.
- It reduces the territory marking of male cats, such as urine streams and fights.
- It prevents the unpleasant odours caused by the territory marking of male cats.
- It eliminates the plaintive meowing of female cats in heat.
- It reduces the temptation to run away and therefore the risks of having unfortunate encounters or being hit by a car during their many escapades.
While it’s true that neutered or spayed cats are at greater risk of becoming obese, this can easily be prevented, especially with a suitable, quality diet according to certain criteria that you can discuss with your veterinarian. In short, sterilization is an operation from which your pet will recover very quickly. Sterilization has become essential for controlling the cat population. Indeed, it’s our duty not to let them reproduce if the kittens are destined to be abandoned or wind up in shelters. This operation also helps prevent serious health problems in cats as well as many inconveniences for their owners!